Cracking the Money Codefrom the top of the US best-seller list. He analyzes inheritance from the perspective of the same formula. Inequality tended to drop in the middle of the century but has increased in the past several decades.
His parents had been involved with a Trotskyist group and the May protests in Paris, but they had moved away from this political position before Piketty was born, and a visit to the Soviet Union in was enough to make him a firm "believe[r] in capitalism, private property, the market".
Inshe sued him for domestic violence. Piketty was unimpressed by Hollande's tenure, later describing him as "hopeless".
Piketty's view is that the TSCG should be renegotiated in order to introduce a euro zone assembly, composed of members of EU's parliaments — a "democratic government", he said, in comparison with the current system which he views as a "huis clos".
His economic research focusses mainly on wealth inequalities and the use of capital in the 21st century. Piketty has long-standing ties to the London School of Economics and he completed his PhD studies at the university in the early s.
In addition to his research, Piketty also teaches post-graduate students at the LSE. His teaching and research approach is inter-disciplinary and he has been involved in the teaching of the new MSc degree in Inequalities and Social Science at the London School of Economics.
Research[ edit ] Piketty specializes in economic inequalitytaking a historic and statistical approach. His novel use of tax records enabled him to gather data on the very top economic elite, who had previously been understudied, and to ascertain their rate of accumulation of wealth and how this compared to the rest of society and economy.
His most recent book, Capital in the Twenty-First Centuryrelies on economic data going back years to show that an ever-rising concentration of wealth is not self-correcting.
To address this problem, he proposes redistribution through a progressive global tax on wealth. Extreme inequality is useless for growth A research project on high incomes in France led to the book Les hauts revenus en France au XXe High incomes in France in the 20th Century, Grasset,which was based on a survey of statistical series covering the whole of the 20th century, built from data from the fiscal services particularly income tax declarations.
A study by Emmanuel Saez and Piketty showed that the top 10 percent of earners took more than half of the country's total income inthe highest level recorded since the government began collecting the relevant data a century ago.
He argues that this was due to a decrease in estate inequalities, while wage inequalities remained stable.
The shrinking inequality during this period, Piketty says, resulted from a highly progressive income tax after the war, which upset the dynamics of estate accumulation by reducing the surplus money available for saving by the wealthiest. This trend will lead to the rise of what he calls patrimonial capitalism, in which a few families control most of the wealth.
In collaboration with other economists, particularly Emmanuel Saezhe built a statistical series based on a similar method used in his studies of France. This research led to reports on the evolution of inequalities in the US,  and on economic dynamics in the English-speaking world and continental Europe.
The surveys found that following the Second World Warafter initially undergoing a decrease in economic inequality similar to that in continental Europe, English-speaking countries have, over the past thirty years, experienced increasing inequalities.
A critic of the Kuznets curve[ edit ] Piketty's work has been discussed as a critical continuation of the pioneering work of Simon Kuznets in the s. Growth started at the beginning of the industrial revolution, and slackened off later due to the reallocation of the labor force from low productivity sectors like agriculture to higher productivity sectors like industry.
According to Piketty, the tendency observed by Kuznets in the early s is not necessarily a product of deep economic forces e. Instead, estate values, rather than wage inequalities, decreased, and they did so for reasons that were not specifically economic for example, the creation of income tax.
Consequently, the decrease would not necessarily continue, and in fact, inequalities have grown sharply in the United States over the last thirty years, returning to their s level.
Other work[ edit ] Besides these surveys, which make up the core of his work, Piketty has published in other areas, often with a connection to economic inequalities.
His work on schools, for example, postulates that disparities among different schools, especially class sizes, is a cause for the persistence of inequalities in wages and the economy.
The book's central thesis is that inequality is not an accident but rather a feature of capitalism that can be reversed only through state intervention.The main driver of inequality -- returns on capital that exceed the rate of economic growth -- is again threatening to generate extreme discontent and undermine democratic values.
Thomas Piketty's findings in this ambitious, original, rigorous work will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about wealth and inequality. Thomas Piketty (French: [ashio-midori.com ashio-midori.com]; born 7 May ) is a French economist whose work focuses on wealth and income inequality.
He is a professor (directeur d'études) at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS), associate chair at the Paris School of Economics  and Centennial professor at the International.
According to Thomas Piketty's Capital in the 21st Century, ever-increasing wealth inequality is argued to be a necessary and inevitable feature of almost all capitalist economic systems. The one major exception to this rule was the.
Capital in the Twenty-First Century is a book by French economist Thomas Piketty. It focuses on wealth and income inequality in Europe and the United States since the 18th century.
It was initially published in French (as Le Capital au XXIe siècle) in August ; an English translation by Arthur Goldhammer followed in April The inequality gap according to Piketty 19 Dec Mild-mannered radical Professor Thomas Piketty proved a fascinating speaker when he appeared at London Business School to promulgate his thinking on the relationship between capital and income.
Piketty's findings, list and explain the trends in income inequality in the Is the income inequality is increasing or decreasing? explain this trend? Compare and contrast the trend in income inequality over the period with the period after compare?
explain the trend in income inequality after ?