The basic properties of water

Some of the most important properties of pure water are: Physical Properties of Pure Water: Pure water is a colorless, tasteless and odorless liquid. Distilled water is pure.

The basic properties of water

About Physical and Chemical Properties of Water Many people do not really take the time to stop and consider the physical and chemical properties of water. Water is essential for life and is the major element of almost every life form.

Life would more than likely never have developed on Earth without the clean, goodness of water.

The basic properties of water

Physical Properties of Water Water is a very simple atomic structure. It consists of two hydrogen atoms that are bonded to one oxygen atom. The physical properties of water are more significant when you consider the make up of a water molecule.

When a water molecule changes physically, the molecules arrange themselves into very distinctive patterns. The arrangement of the molecules for ice, which is the solid form of water, has a higher volume and decrease in density.

This allows the ice to float on top of liquid. There is a high specific heat to water. This is the amount of energy that is required to change the temperature of a substance.

It can absorb large amounts of heat energy before it begins to get hot. Water also releases heat energy slowly when it begins to cool. When water is in a pure state it has a neutral pH. This means that pure water is neither basic nor acidic. The pH of water changes when substances are dissolved into it.

Heat is conducted more easily through water than any other liquid with the exception of mercury. Large bodies of water, such as lakes and oceans, have basically a uniform vertical temperature profile.

Water molecules remain liquid between 0 to degrees Celsius. Water molecules remain liquid in most places on Earth because of this large temperature range. It is a universal solvent. This simply means that it is able to dissolve a large number of different chemical compounds.

Water has the ability to carry solvent nutrients in infiltration, groundwater flow, runoff and living organisms.

Water's Attraction to Other Polar Molecules

Water has a high surface tension or it is adhesive and elastic. It tends to collect in drops instead of spread out over a surface in a thin film. Water is also able to stick to the sides of vertical structures despite the downward pull of gravity. Plants are able to move water from their roots to their leaves as well as the movement of blood through tiny vessels in the bodies of many animals.

Water can exist in three physical states of matter: It is the only substance that can exist in all three states. When water freezes, it causes the mass to occupy a larger volume. When water freezes it expands rapidly. Maximum density of water is around 4 degrees Celsius.

These physical properties of water are not the only components that make up water. There are also chemical properties of water to consider which are described below.

What are the Main Properties of Water?

You can also read my article on water characteristics. Chemical Properties of Water Water is a compound comprised of hydrogen and oxygen.

It is chemically active and reacts with certain metals and metal oxides. These chemical reactions form bases.

When water is introduced to certain oxides of nonmetals, acids are formed. Water reacts with certain organic compounds to form a multitude of products such as alcohols from alkenes. Chemical properties of water include the fact that water is a polar compound and therefore an excellent solvent.

When water is pure, it is a poor conductor of electricity. It is however, a better conductor of electricity than other pure liquids due to its self-ionization.

APS Technical Articles - Water Purification - Laboratory Products

There are other some chemical properties of water as followings. The hydrogen atoms are attached to one side of the oxygen atom giving the water molecule a positive charge on that side and a negative charge on the side without the hydrogen atoms.Basic Properties of Water Water is the most abundant and ubiquitous liquid on earth and has played a central role in scientific thought for millennia.

Nearly every aspect of life is influenced or controlled by water. Chemical properties of water include the fact that water is a polar compound and therefore an excellent solvent.

When water is pure, it is a poor conductor of electricity. When water is pure, it is a poor conductor of electricity. Physical Properties of Water: (for more information on these two properties see the discussion below).


Figure As a result, pure water is neither acidic nor basic. Water changes its pH when substances are dissolved in it. Rain has a naturally acidic pH of about because it contains natural derived carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide.

Water that has more free hydrogen ions is acidic, whereas water that has more free hydroxyl ions is basic. Since pH can be affected by chemicals in the water, pH is an important indicator of water that is changing chemically.


The basic properties of water

This attraction, hydrogen bonding, explains many of the properties of water, such as its solvent properties. producing the corresponding base or acid, which gives aqueous solutions of soap and baking soda their basic pH: Na 2 CO 3 + H 2 O ⇌ NaOH + NaHCO 3 Ligand chemistry. 2Module 1 · Basic Soil Properties Soil Physical Properties Soil is comprised of minerals, soil organic matter (SOM), water, and air (Figure 1).

The composition and proportion of these components greatly influence soil.

Basic Properties of Water