Westside Toastmasters is located in Los Angeles and Santa Monica, California The 6 main Purposes of Presentations Most speeches fit into one of the six categories in the list that follows. Each requires a different tone, different types of stories, different examples, even a different choice of words. Of course, a speech can have more than one purpose, but there should be one overriding purpose that is absolutely clear to you and to your audience.
Social policy Make certain that you choose a topic that is easily researchable if you need to do research. UT students have a major university library available and must know how to use it. Research is becoming easier as a result of computer assisted communications such as the World Wide Web otherwise known as the web.
In fact, knowing how to separate the wheat from the chaff on the web is a big problem. For more information on research see my chapter on research. One way to see if a topic is easily researchable is to look at the paper version of The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature.
If the Reader's Guide has lots of entries having to do with your subject, then you know it will be easy to research the topic.
Another simple way to begin researching your topic is to find your topic in CQ Researcher, published for the benefit of members of Congress who want a quick overview of a subject of public concern.
CQ Researcher is invaluable because it prints opposing viewpoints and excellent bibliographies to get you started. Narrow the Topic Once you have chosen a topic, your first job is to narrow it.
Assume that you choose crime as your topic. Crime is a broad subject with libraries of books having been written about it. Even if you narrow the topic to juvenile crime, the subject is still too broad.
Perhaps an historical overview of juvenile justice in America would be more appropriate as an informative speech that could be managed in under a half an hour.
My favorite method for narrowing the topic is what I call the bubble method. Determine the Purpose I list three general purposes of speeches here: To inform To persuade To entertain In real life you may find that your speech may have mixed purposes.
A persuasive speech may have an informative component; an informative speech, a persuasive bent; and both types may also entertain.
Nevertheless, you should have a clear idea about what your general goal is. Informative speeches are concerned with giving information to the audience so that they understand and remember it. Here are some possible topics. How to go about building your own computer.
A night in a hospital emergency department. An overview of Appalachian music. How to conduct CPR. For example, you might give a speech that attempts to convince people to support legislation that reduces acid rain in the Smokeys.
Questions to answer about your general purpose Does the purpose meet the assignment? Sometime the professor, including this one, does not explain the assignment clearly enough.
Ask if you are uncertain. Others in the class probably have the same question. Can I give the speech in the allotted time? If there is a time limit, make certain that you can meet it. Is the purpose relevant to the audience?
Trying to convince members of the Tucson Chamber of Commerce to pass laws against clearcutting our national forests would cause heads to nod.
Is the purpose too trivial?This handbook shows how you can use well-established techniques for writing in plain English to create clearer and more informative disclosure documents.
Packet # 6 Speech 6 Informative Speech PURPOSE OF THE SPEECH TO INFORM An informative speech provides information to an audience. The purpose of an informative speech is to help your audience understand and remember the information you are presenting.
While no one can foretell accurately what kind of speeches you may be called upon to present. Calendars To inform my audience about the four major kinds of calendars used in the world today. Write the Specific Purpose as a Full Phrase: Write the Specific Purpose as a Full Phrase Ineffective: Calendars More Effective: To inform my audience about .
Specific Purpose Once you determine your general purpose, next determine the specific purpose of your speech, stating exactly what you want to accomplish in your speech. Topic: Hiking General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To tell my listeners about various hiking trails in Mt.
Rainier National Park.
The general purpose of any speech will be either to Inform; Motivate/Persuade; or Entertain your audience. As soon as you know the general purpose of your speech you can develop your Specific Purpose Statement (What the speaker will accomplish).
Video: Determining the Purpose of Your Message: Inform, Persuade & Good Will Determining the purpose of your message is the first step in deciding what you want to say and how you want to say it.