Great Leap Forward Inafter China's first Five-Year PlanMao called for "grassroots socialism" in order to accelerate his plans for turning China into a modern industrialized state. In this spirit, Mao launched the Great Leap Forwardestablished People's Communes in the countryside, and began the mass mobilization of the people into collectives.
Bruce Lincoln, Red Victory: Soviet UnionStalin's regime There's the "Why doesn't anyone realize that communism is the absolutely worst thing ever to hit the human race, without exception, even worse than both world wars, the slave trade and bubonic plague all put together?
The truth is horrifying enough without you pulling numbers out of thin air" school. The two schools are generally associated with the right and left wings of the political spectrum, and they often accuse each other of being blinded by prejudice, stubbornly refusing to admit the truth, and maybe even having a hidden agenda.
Also, both sides claim that recent access to former Soviet archives has proven that their side is right. Here are a few illustrative estimates from the Big Numbers school: Demograficheskaya statistika neyestestvennoy smertnosti v SSSR Davies, Norman Europe A History, This would divide more or less into 33M pre-war and 17M after Solzhenitsyn publicized an estimate of 60 million.
Aleksandr Yakovlev estimates perhaps 35 million. This divides up into: Medvedev, Roy Let History Judge: And from the Lower Numbers school: Nove, Alec "Victims of Stalinism: Poteri naseleniya SSSR, Muskovsky Novosti 4 March What Happened in That Time?
The Soviet Era, As you can see, there's no easy compromise between the two schools. The Big Numbers are so high that picking the midpoint between the two schools would still give us a Big Number. It may appear to be a rather pointless argument -- whether it's fifteen or fifty million, it's still a huge number of killings -- but keep in mind that the population of the Soviet Union was million inso the upper estimates accuse Stalin of killing nearly 1 out of every 3 of his people, an extremely Polpotian level of savagery.
The lower numbers, on the other hand, leave Stalin with plenty of people still alive to fight off the German invasion. Although it's too early to be taking sides with absolute certainty, a consensus seems to be forming around a death toll of 20 million.
This would adequately account for all documented nastiness without straining credulity: This would divide roughly as follows:The People's Republic Of China: III The Cultural Revolution Decade, In the early s, Mao was on the political sidelines and in semiseclusion.
Watch video · The Cultural Revolution’s official handbook was the Little Red Book, a pocket-sized collection of quotations from Mao that offered a design for Red Guard life.
Xi Jinping's uneasy relationship with Mao's legacy, and the Communist Party's fear of a repeat of the Cultural Revolution help to explain the President's authoritarian stance, writes Antony Funnell.
Elsewhere, I defined the Hemoclysm as that string of interconnected barbarities which made the Twentieth Century so fascinating for historians and so miserable for real ashio-midori.com, I have listed the sources for determing the body count for the biggest of these, .
May 15, · Fifty years ago, Mao Zedong unleashed the Cultural Revolution, a decade-long upheaval that had dramatic, often violent effects across China. Here is an overview of those tumultuous years.
The Cultural Revolution on Trial: Mao and the Gang of Four (Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University) Nov 17, by Alexander C. Cook.