You can help by adding to it. February See also: Software law IT law does not constitute a separate area of law rather it encompasses aspects of contract, intellectual property, privacy and data protection laws.
Recent acquisition and publication of the Watchlisting Guidance by an online journal provided rare insight into how this watchlist operates and stimulated investigation into the workings of all the related watchlists. This article summarizes the nature and purpose of the terrorist watchlists, discusses the rules followed by agency screeners, explores the civil liberties implications of watchlisting, notes the links between gun controls and the watchlists, and identifies the need for oversight of the process.
It offers conclusions about the efficacy of these lists and suggests ways that President Trump can improve them so they help capture terrorists without ensnaring innocent individuals, consistent with constitutional principles. Introduction What if you showed up at the airport with a ticket and went through the screening process without any problem, but at the last moment were denied boarding a commercial flight from Washington, D.
It offers conclusions about the efficacy of these lists, suggests ways these lists can fulfill their missions more openly and consistent with constitutional principles, and recommends a series of steps President Trump should take to improve the watchlisting process so it can work against terrorists and for the safety and well-being of the American people.
The Watchlisting System One of the reasons the U. Four Key Watchlists The four watchlists discussed below—TIDE, the Terrorist Watchlist, and the No-Fly and Selectee Lists—are shared with all relevant federal, state, and local intelligence and law enforcement authorities in the country, as well as with selected foreign entities to assist them in screening and potentially interdicting individuals who might be terrorists when they plan to travel, arrive or depart a country, or pose homeland security dangers.
The records of these nominations are forwarded to NCTC, where special groups of analysts with authorized access to all-source terrorist-related intelligence information determine whether or not these individuals merit inclusion on this database as known or suspected terrorists. While sent to a range of government users, the Terrorist Watchlist is unclassified but sensitive and cannot be made available to the general public.
Unfortunately, innocent individuals, as well as known or suspected terrorists are not likely to know that their names are on the Terrorist Watchlist. More generally, agencies can nominate individuals for the No-Fly List if they are operationally capable of posing a threat of committing an act of international terrorism abroad, but who do not meet the more specific other criteria.
Selectee List A Secondary Security Screening Selection List, or Selectee List for short, also maintained by the TSC, is a subset of both the No-Fly List and the Terrorist Watchlist and identifies individuals who need to undergo additional questioning, inspection, and screening before being allowed to board flights to, from, or over U.
Unless they are subject to independent derogatory information, immediate family members of known or suspected terrorists are either ineligible or unsuitable for inclusion on the Selectee List—or the No-Fly List for that matter—regardless of whether they have met the criteria for inclusion on the other lists, as noted earlier.
The Selectee List currently contains 28, records, of which less than 1, are U. These codes run from the highest and most dangerous Code 1, which designates individuals as known terrorists, to the lowest and least dangerous Code 4, which classifies individuals as possibly associated with a suspected terrorist.
This phenomenon has led to watchlists that now contain massive numbers of records on innocent people who had been inadvertently placed on a list, many of whom, due to changed circumstances such as the availability of exculpatory evidence, should no longer be classified as suspected or actual terrorists.
These and other adverse impacts on the privacy of individuals were reflected in the strong statement recently issued by a U.
Under certain circumstances, an FBI agent investigating a person might divulge the fact of that individual being watchlisted, with no details provided. This lengthy process attempts to be fair, but often leads to either controversial results or no final conclusion.
Meanwhile, the sizes of the various lists have exploded, notably the No-Fly List. In the months prior to his election, Donald Trump, who welcomed support from the National Rifle Association, raised eyebrows by endorsing the policy of denying all types of guns to watchlisted individuals, and Mr.
Trump will presumably work with the Republican-dominated Congress to implement the necessary legislation after taking office. There have even been reports of quotas being established for filling the various watchlists.What are some of the challenges the intelligence community faces in supporting the Homeland Security enterprise (such as the balance of civil liberties and security)?
(such as the balance of civil liberties and security)? the U.S. must engage in domestic intelligence activities and collect information and intelligence within the country. Intellipedia is an online system for collaborative data sharing used by the United States Intelligence Community (IC).
It was established as a pilot project in late and formally announced in April Intellipedia consists of three wikis running on the separate JWICS (Intellipedia-TS), SIPRNet (Intellipedia-S), and DNI-U (Intellipedia-U) .
By its very nature, domestic and homeland security intelligence is intrusive and risks infringing on civil liberties.
As then-Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff put it: Intelligence, as you know, is not only about spies and satellites. Intelligence is about the thousands and thousands of routine, everyday observations and activities.
Sep 11, · Jihad Intel provides local law enforcement with tools to detect and prevent Islamist terrorism. At the behest of Islamists and leftists, references to Islam have been removed from law enforcement and national security training materials.
Protecting Citizens' Civil Rights & Civil Liberties The "If You See Something, Say Something®" campaign respects citizens' privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties by emphasizing behavior, rather than appearance, in identifying suspicious activity.
Whether the threat to national security, and particularly to the American homeland, is greater today than it was three decades ago is, of course, impossible to gauge. But the threat to civil liberties from expanded domestic use of military intelligence is surely greater now than it was then, given.