In2 million children had incarcerated parents, a number double that of what was reported in However, this does not affect all communities equally.
You can read the winning and excellent essays here. Traditionally prisons have been argued to serve at least one of three functions: However, on closer inspection, the reasons given seem to have secondary important to the need for society to feel like something is being done, that justice is being served, that law and order is being kept, with near-total disregard for those who find themselves shut out of society with no hope of redemption.
The first function given for prison, punishment, has always seemed to have the least force. Which leaves the protection of the public as the remaining reason, and the reason that prisons came about in the first place.
Imprisoning those who threaten others seems slightly more justifiable. But this has to be balanced with the human rights of those convicted of crimes themselves — can we justify the imprisonment of such people? Does our society ultimately benefit from keeping people away under lock and key?
Inthe psychologist Terrie Moffett published a paper in the Psychological Review that argued that there were two fundamental types of prisoner — the adolescent-limited and the lifelong-persistent. The adolescent-limited are young, primarily men, who commit crime to support themselves, for fun, as part of a gang, or other reasons, who eventually mature, settle down and give up the lifestyle that was contributing to their criminality.
The second type, lifelong-persistent, are people who commit crimes casually and often, moving through the criminal justice system in a perpetual cycle of crime-arrest-conviction-incarceration-release-crime and rarely, if ever, breaking out of that cycle.
There are a variety of reasons both types end up in prison, including poor education, drug addiction, racism young black men are twice as likely to go to prison than to university.
Neither type of prisoner are prevented from committing more crime or given the chance to change their lives through serving prison sentences.
The adolescent-limited, young and not really thinking about the consequences of their actions, find themselves permanently disadvantaged for the rest of their lives; upon release from prison, they struggle to find housing, meaningful employment and integration into society.
It becomes easier to continue to commit more crimes to support themselves. Likewise, the lifelong-persistent are let down by our society. To deal with the reasons for people returning to prison over and over again, we require drug treatment programmes, mental health treatment, adult education, housing programmes, and ways of giving people pride and hope in themselves.
But, when regarding that list, how much of it can be achieved effectively in a prison? Their attitude is largely that prison is for punishing people that society disapproves of. But most advocates of prison do not care about that: Jon Venables and Robert Thompson were both locked up for ten years — one has now been rehabilitated and is trying to build a new life, one has gone back into prison for breaking his parole.
The press wants to see them both imprisoned at great cost to the taxpayer regardless of their current circumstances, and with the broad support of their readers, it seems.
With such calls, can we really say society cares about whether prison works or not? Ultimately, the way we treat prisoners as a society reflect on our humanity.
People who kill, rape, steal, assault and engage in other anti-social behaviour are causing us as individuals and as a community harm and need to be dealt with. We need evidence-based solutions to tackle the problems that leads people to commit crime.
But is prison really effective at this? Can prison deal with poverty, drug addiction, racism, patriarchy, social breakdown, senses of insecurity, resentment, or entitlement? The evidence would suggest that as a society we have got our definition very wrong.Then when it: students cv writing service carlow single cells for majors and jail cells.
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