Select network Edgar Allan Poe is regarded as, among many things, a master of dark fiction.
He was also the first to set down a consistent set of principles about what he thought was acceptable in art and what should be essentially rejected in art. But irrespective of his journalistic position, his critical views on the nature of what was and was not acceptable in a work of art have become famous and have had an enormous influence on subsequent writers.
For example, Poe was the first major, or influential, writer to recognize the genius of Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Apr 23, · Edgar Allan Poe — “The Poetic Principle” (Vol. I, no. 60, the Sunday Edition, quotes Poe’s full essay on the full front page, continuing on page three, without any explanation other than “Lecture by Edgar A. Poe.” Presumably, the small paper needed a considerable amount of filler and Poe’s article served this. May 04, · "The Poetic Principle" was Poe's last major prose work. It was a lecture he delivered several times in and , although it was not published until after his death. While ostensibly merely an analysis on his pet theories about verse, it is also, like "Eureka," and "The Domain of Arnheim," an exploration of his most deeply-held personal philosophies. "The Poetic Principle" is an essay by Edgar Allan Poe, written near the end of his life and published posthumously in , the year after his death. It is a work of literary criticism, in Reviews:
Hawthorne is scarcely recognized by the press or by the public. From these cited works, we can easily compile certain key principles that Poe consistently believed in and used. For example, because Poe put such importance on creating an effect that would appeal to the emotions, he rejected all works of primitive art or works based on a primitive sense of art.
Likewise, he believed that didactic writing was for the pulpit and had no place in the realm of artistic creation. Anything that appealed solely to the intellect could not be considered art because art existed in the world of the beautiful, the refined, and the aesthetic.
Consequently, Poe, as a Romantic writer, dismissed most of the literary works of the eighteenth century, a period which concerned itself mainly with satire.
For Poe, satire could create no sense of the beautiful within the reader. And also, much of eighteenth-century literature is epigrammatic something shortand Poe believed that the epigrammatic approach to art could not create a lasting emotional impression within the reader.
More than any other principle, Poe emphasized the unity of effect that one should strive for in any work of art. Fear, for example, was often the effect Poe chose for many of his short stories and every word and every image was carefully chosen to create an effect of fear within the mind of the reader.
In much of his poetry, the effect he most aimed for was one of beauty and melancholy. Melancholy is thus the most legitimate of all the poetical tones.
In his own words, he writes: Poe holds that "a long poem does not exist. For this reason, Poe believed that the greatest art was contained in a poem of about lines his most famous poem, "The Raven," is lines longand Poe, in a similar vein, believed that the short story should be of a length that one could read it in one sitting.
The totality of effect, he said, was destroyed if two sittings were required for a work of art. Such long poems as Paradise Lost were, for Poe, a series of poems. If the purpose of art — a poem, or a short story — is to excite and elevate the soul, then "after the lapse of half an hour," the mind cannot sustain such pure emotion.
For example, Poe is considered to be the father of the modern detective story. Concerning this, certain critical principles associated with the writing of the detective story are presented in the introduction to and discussions of "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" and "The Purloined Letter," yet Poe himself never wrote down a unified critical principle which should govern the writing of a detective story.
One can see, however, that the literary principles that Poe employed in writing his own detective stories, in large part, are universal principles that apply to a major portion of all detective fiction being written today. Poe also wrote about the unity of effect, but he never wrote about the use of a closed environment, per se, to achieve that unity of effect.
However, as we look at the totality of his creative work, we see that a large portion of his works takes place in a very closed environment.Some critics today say Poe was at his best as a literary critic when he wrote “The Poetic Principle.” (The site links to this essay if you would like to read it.) In it, Poe explains his thoughts on poetry .
Essay on Poe's Poetic Principle. Edward Zuk. One of the most influential – and therefore one of the most dangerous – essays in American literature is Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Poetic Principle.” I have chosen the word “dangerous” carefully. “The Poetic Principle” is an essay that has permeated our poetic unconscious so.
"The Philosophy of Composition" is an essay written by American writer Edgar Allan Poe that elucidates a theory about how good writers write when they write well.
He concludes that length, "unity of effect" and a logical method are important considerations for good writing. Edgar Allan Poe is considered to be America's first significant literary critic or, at least, the first major writer in America to write seriously about criticism, about the theory of composition, and about the principles of creative art.
Edgar Allan Poe (/ p oʊ /; born Edgar Poe; January 19, – October 7, ) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre.
Edgar Allan Poe I N speaking of the Poetic Principle, I have no design to be either thorough or profound. While discussing, very much at random, the essentiality of what we call Poetry, my principal purpose will be to cite for consideration some few of those minor English or American poems which best suit my own taste, or which upon my own.