Just like psychology is used to explain the behavior of an individual, there are other ways to depict what one might be like as a person. Studies show that your writing, specifically how you shape and bend letters to your choice, can indicate something close to different personality traits. The study of personality through handwriting is called graphology.
The major use of contemporary handwriting analysis is as a staffing tool by business organizations. Handwriting analysis in personnel selection is very common in Western Europe, where perhaps as many as 75 percent to 80 percent of companies use it in hiring.
It is less common in the United States, but some estimates have suggested that more than 2, American companies may use handwriting analysis for at least some portion of their workforces. History and Background of Handwriting Analysis Published work in handwriting analysis dates as far back as the seventeenth century.
The modern science of graphology, however, originated in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Three separate schools of handwriting analysis are commonly identified by experts.
Two of these schools are from late-nineteenth-century Europe, one from France and the other from Germany. The classic school of graphology originated with the late-nineteenth-century work of Germans Wilhelm Preyer and Ludwig Klages. The German school saw handwriting as an expressive movement similar to commonly used projective techniques in psychology, such as the Rorschach ink blot test.
The third school of handwriting analysis was founded by American M. Bunker in the late s and is called graphoanalysis.
The graphoanalysis school is widely thought to represent a compromise between the French and German schools. While it relies on the interpretation of unique writing features, the method is based on Gestalt psychology and involves establishing a consistent pattern within the specific writing characteristics to establish an overall pattern of personality.
The work of all handwriting analysts is based on many of the same general principles involving the size of letters, words, or numbers, spacing between words and lines, slant of letters, margin size, and pressure on the writing instrument.
In graphoanalysis, for example, slant is an indicator of emotional responsiveness. However, different analysts, particularly those trained in different schools of graphology, weigh factors differently, and standards for evaluating handwriting vary.
Reliability and Validity in Handwriting Analysis The major focus in employee selection is on the ability of selection instruments to predict one or more aspect of job performance.
To be able to predict job performance, all selection devices must be able to demonstrate that they are both reliable and valid measures. Reliability refers to the property of a test that allows it to produce consistent results. The evidence on the reliability of handwriting analysis is mixed.
There is some evidence that graphologists with similar training such as those trained at the Graphoanalysis Society in Chicago are somewhat consistent in their interpretations of samples.
Other experts question the reliability of handwriting analysis, suggesting considerable variation in interpretations across both schools of handwriting analysis and interpretations of different analysts.
A selection test is useful only to the extent that it has demonstrated validity, defined as the ability to infer or predict some aspect of job performance based on scores on the test. For handwriting analysis, there are two separate but related validity issues.
First, handwriting analysis must be shown to be able to validly predict personality clusters, or sets of personality traits. Second, these clusters of general personality traits must be associated with better fit for specific positions or better job performance.
The validity of handwriting analysis is determined by both the extent to which graphology accurately measures the personality traits in question and how well those traits relate to some measure of job performance.
Research on handwriting analysis is not as extensive as research on other selection instruments, such as cognitive ability or personality testing, and it suffers from small sample sizes and some lack of rigor.
What research does exist, however, suggests that handwriting analysis does not validly predict either personality traits or job performance. In most attempts to demonstrate its validity in predicting personality traits by comparing graphology results to established measures of personality, analysts have not been able to replicate independent measures of personality produced with other personality measures.
The ability to predict job performance has been even more disappointing.
In virtually all cases, trained handwriting analysts do no better at predicting job performance than do untrained students, nor are their predictions any better than those expected by chance.It ends with a discussion of the link between different personality types, their brain organization, and their handwriting.
Part III is an in-depth look at the field of questioned documents, including such topics as free-hand forgeries, tracing, disguised handwriting, and anonymous ashio-midori.coms: Mar 19, · A person's handwriting is as unique as their personality, which makes it tempting to connect the two.
Graphology is a fun exercise, especially if you're testing someone you know, but it has very limited accuracy%(59). Different hand and arm physiology, different education on how to write, different personal preference on how to write, and different amounts of care on how to write.
With training, you can change your handwriting easily. NEWS – Lidia Fogarolo, Personality Traits in Handwriting. Morettian Graphology Textbook, EMP March 2o15, p. , ashio-midori.com As this manual will reveal, the Morettian sign system is a unique tool in the psychological and graphological landscape; it can diagnose and also be predictive, owing to the huge number of personality traits considered.
Graphology or handwriting analysis is a scientific. study of handwriting used to analyze an individual's personality.
Our handwriting tells a lot about our personality and helps us . Analyzing handwriting (graphology) can be used for legally identifying people. It can also be used to reveal one's personality characteristics.
The activity below provides a general introduction to the analysis of handwriting.