A study of irish folklore and superstitions

Reviewed by James E. DoanNova Southeastern University [Review length:

A study of irish folklore and superstitions

Popular Irish folkltales include the Otherworld An Saol Eilewhich revolves around the idea of supernatural manifestations and beings. Other classics include leprechaunsfairiesrainbowsCu ChluainChildren of LirDullahan headless horsemenPookas, Changelings.

In Ireland, folklore can be associated with the countryside, specifically the Irish speaking West, Aran Islandsoral stories, the fiddleintimate settings. Folklore is also massively tied with traditional Irish music and dance for example the river dance can be tied to folklore in ways. It marks the end of the lighter half of the world summerand the beginning of the darker half winter.

It is here where it was believed that the division between life and the after life was thinnest. It was believed that this thinning allowed spirts to move between this world and the other.

The widely practice holiday of Halloween originates from Samhain.

Another tradition rooted in folklore is Beltane. Beltane is held on the first day of May. This tradition is a celebration marking the beginning of summer.

During this tradition rituals were performed to protect both crops and livestock. Large bonfires were lit serving as protection for grazing cattle. Today Beltane festivals can be found in both Ireland and Scotland. Fairy lore[ edit ] Fairy lore is a body of stories, anecdotes, beliefs and the likes of these that are relating to fairies.

Fairy Trees near Greenan. According to fairy lore, the hawthorn tree, also known as a fairy tree, is said to mark the territory of the fairies. There are different famous superstitions involving fairy lore. These superstitions mention that fairy forts and hawthorn trees, also known as fairy trees, are the places of residency of fairies.

To tamper with these sites is seen as hugely disrespectful to the fairies. The effects of these stories and superstitions are evident, even up to the present day, where even government infrastructure are planned in a way that preserves these sites.

These include the famous few such as the leprechaun, banshees, changelings and many others. Not long after the foundation of the commission he created two books for the collectors. In he wrote his more well-known volume A Handbook of Irish Folklore published To this day his work serves as a great resource to collectors of Irish folklore and provides a wide outline of the traditions of Irish Folklore.

He played particular attention to the stories of Fionn Mac Cumhail and the Fiannaand looked into how stories were told in Irish and in other languages across Europe. His work was and still is very important in the study of Irish Folklore for the masses.

For example, fairies, who were previously perceived as God, became merely magical, and of much lesser importance. Along with it, a fusion of folklore legends and Christianity was witnessed. During the 16th century, the English conquest overthrew the traditional political and religious autonomy of the country.

A study of irish folklore and superstitions

At the time, intellectuals such as Sir William Wilde expressed concerns on the decay of traditional beliefs: In the state of things, with depopulation the most terrific which any country ever experienced, on the one hand, and the spread of education, and the introduction of railroads, colleges, industrial and other educational schools, on the other — together with the rapid decay of our Irish bardic annals, the vestige of Pagan rites, and the relics of fairy charms were preserved, - can superstition, or if superstitious belief, can superstitious practices continue to exist?

All those events have led to a massive decline of native learned Gaelic traditions and Irish languageand with Irish tradition being mainly an oral tradition, [20] this has led to a loss of identity and historical continuity, in a similar nature to Durkheim's anomie.Mar 03,  · Irish fairy tales and folklore are populated with a wonderful collection of magical creatures and supernatural beings.

Leprechauns are so famous they can sell breakfast cereal, and many people have heard the legend of Reviews: Jun 05,  · Irish folklore has been best preserved in rural areas - for example the Irish wake traditions of whiskey, snuff and music illustrated here.

New Hibernia Review

Traditional Irish Folklore A central aspect of Irish folklore is the wealth of traditional beliefs and superstitions which have been held by Irish people over the ashio-midori.coms: Old Irish saga of a voyage to the pagan Celtic otherworld, with parallel English and Gaelic.

The Second Battle of Mag Tuired (Cath Maige Tuired) This Irish saga, from before the ninth Century A.D., is an account of the epic battle between the mythical Tuatha De Danann and Fomoire for Ireland. The Women of Irish Myths. Irish mythology, which is basically synonymous with Celtic mythology, is packed with legends, symbols, and ashio-midori.com the leprechaun to Saint Patrick, Irish stories.

folklore is the content, while folkloristics is the study (dates) of folklore Chapter 1: How old is the study of folklore in the USA? Established as a discipline in the 's (American Folklore Society established in . It looks like you've lost connection to our server. Please check your internet connection or reload this page.

Irish Folklore: Myth and Reality